Migration Health

Healthy Migrants in Healthy Communities

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Transitional pediatric wards constructed by IOM at Port-au-Prince’s major tertiary referral hospital, bringing child patients and their families out of tents and providing safe shelter until the hospital can be permanently reconstructed. © IOM 2010

Health of Migrants in Crisis

Population movements following sudden onset or prolonged conflicts, climate change-induced natural disasters and environmental degradation often result in exposure of affected and displaced persons including migrants, mobile populations, refugees and third country nationals as well as host communities to heightened health risks. Pre-existing health status, lack of immunity to existing or emerging diseases, emotional stress, overcrowding, lack of access to adequate shelter, clean water, poor sanitation, non-functioning services are factors that lead to increased health consequences particularly in the emergency phase.

IOM Activities

Before, during and in the aftermath of emergency or crisis events, IOM undertakes the following activities:

  • rapid community health needs assessments to identify gaps, available health services and resources;
  • provision of primary and community health-care services through mobile or fixed clinics;
  • support to local health referral systems, facilitated transfer and hospital discharge, cross-border or international medical evacuations to facilitate tertiary care for patients with complicated but potentially curable conditions;
  • health rehabilitation and health system revitalization;
  • public health and disease surveillance at the community level;
  • support to international medical teams, capacity building for local health staff;
  • provision of medical equipment, health supplies, and kits for returning vulnerable groups, receiving communities and local health-care facilities;
  • support to international medical teams, capacity building for local health staff;
  • health care during assisted movements and returns;
  • environmental, sanitation, mental, public health and psychosocial-focused activities and capacity building within Shelter and Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster activities;
  • HIV, tuberculosis, gender-based violence and reproductive health services, other types of care and support for crisis-affected populations;
  • environmental, sanitation, mental, public health and psychosocial-focused activities and capacity building within Shelter and Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster activities;
  • HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, gender-based violence and reproductive preventive and curative health services, other types of care and support for crisis-affected populations;
  • health and psychosocial programmes within the demobilization and integration of former combatants.
  • psychosocial needs assessments;
  • mental health and psychosocial support services; and
  • emergency displacement mental health and psychosocial capacity-building.